“In God we trust” Page 7
According to Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, MD, Director of The National
Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID) Many coro-
naviruses exist in animal reservoirs, particularly in bats. Remember
that for the SARS outbreak in 2002, bats infected palm civet cats
who were sold in live/wet markets and the civet cats spread the
virus to humans. Same for MERS – bats to camels to humans. The
fact is that this is likely pure chance plus more interactions in the
human-animal interface. Animal viruses mutate and most of the
time the mutations have no significant impact on virus transmis-
sion to humans. Sometimes they mutate and allow single “dead-
end” transmissions to individual humans with no efficiency in going
human-to-human and so we get individual infections and no out-
break, as we have seen with the H5N1 and H7N9 influenzas that
jump from chickens to humans but do not go from human to
human. But rarely, animal viruses mutate and the mutation allows
them not only to jump species to humans, but to also efficiently
spread from human to human. That is what we saw in SARS and
now we see this with 2019-nCoV, which seems to have adapted
itself very well to human to human transmission, as per what is
happening in China.
However, scientists argue a new study suggests the virus may have
come into the Wuhan market, infected a cluster in the market,
before it spread from that cluster to other places.
The market –– now shut –– offered a range of exotic wildlife for
sale, including live foxes, crocodiles, wolf pups, giant salamanders,
snakes, rats, peacocks, porcupines, and camel meat. More investi-
gation would be needed from samples from the market before con-
clusive answers on zoonosis.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT
COVID-19 IN FLORIDA
Call before you go: Call your health care provider or County Health
Department if you have a fever (100.4 degrees or higher) , cough or
shortness of breath and returned from international travel or a
cruise in the last 14 days. Reported symptoms have ranged from
mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed COVID-19
cases. These symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure. If
you develop these emergency warning signs for COVID-19, get
medical attention immediately. • Difficulty breathing • Persistent
pain or pressure in the chest. • New confusion or inabilty to arouse
• Bluish lips or face.
Wash hands often with soap and water - 20 seconds or longer (or
use alcohol-based hand sanitizer with atleast 60% alcohol.)
Clean your hands frequently especially after you have been in a
public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-
based hand sanitizer kills viruses that may be on yur hands.
Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once conta-
minated, hands can trnsfer the virus to your eyes, nose and mouth.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes
tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks,
phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets and sinks.
If surfaces are dirty, first clean with detergent or soap and water,
and then disinfect. Most common EPA-registered household disin-
fectants, diluted household bleach solutions, and alcohol solutions
with atleast 70% alcohol will work.
If you are around other people, keep 6 feet between you when pos-
sible. Avoid hugs, handshakes, large gatherings and close quarters.
The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
Whensomeone coughs or sneezes, they spray small liquid droplets
from their nose or mouth, which may contain the virus. If you are
too close, you can breath in the droplets, including the coronavirus
if the person coughing has the disease. Clean your hands often.
Coronavirus May be Caused From Bats
Avoid Touching Eyes, Nose and Mouth
Clean & disinfect “high touch” surfaces
Practice social distancing
Wash for 20 seconds
Train Rides - Melb.